Egypt Declares First Civilian President But Military Still In Charge
Egypt declared Mohamed Mursi, aligned to the Muslim Brotherhood as the first civilian president.
While Mursi sets a departure from the other four presidents before him, his powers are limited by the military and are set to provide little stability to the strife-torn country.
The final results, which gave 52 per cent of the vote to Mursi, were announced around 4:30pm, Sunday, at the Cairo headquarters of the Supreme Presidential Electoral Commission (SPEC). Mursi’s win in Egypt’s first-ever genuine multi-candidate presidential election puts an end to a 60-year military monopoly on the office of president. His predecessors, who ruled the country since the 1952 Free Officers’ coup – Mohamed Naguib, Gamal Abdel-Nasser, Anwar El-Sadat and Hosni Mubarak – all came from within the army’s ranks.
Mursi resigned as head of the Muslim Brotherhood backed Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) after the result was announced.
His powers are however limited by a recent amendment which makes the military the final authority in the country. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) gives the military expanded powers which pretty much could dissolve the government, trash up the constitution and probably rename the country if they wished.
The military says the authority of the president remains untouched but clauses mean than that the decrees by the military in ‘defence of the country’ remain immune to challenge.
In essence, the revolution in Egypt has a long way to go.